Bonsai Training - Bonsai Wiring
Bonsai training. Bonsai training wire and tools. Beginners guide to training bonsai trees. Basic bonsai wiring techniques. Beginners guide to wiring bonsai. How to wire a bonsai tree.
Wiring is the next most commonly used method of training bonsai. You don't always have to wire the whole tree. A few branches may be enough depending on the effect you wish to achieve.
Copper bonsai training wire is best to use as it is softer, easier to use and more attractive than some of the cheaper choices while it's in place.
If a tree's bark is easily marred, use paper coated bonsai wire to avoid damaging it.
Wire deciduous trees in early summer. Remove the wire that fall.
Conifers should be wired in the winter. They take longer to train so leave the wire in place for 12-18 months.
Protect the bonsai tree from hot afternoon sun and heavy rain for one month after wiring it.
How to Wire Bonsai
Anchor the wire on the bottom of the bonsai training pot. Wrap the bonsai wire around the tree from the base of the trunk upward.
Wind the wire at a 45 degree angle--more or less. Not tight enough to wound the bark, not loose enough to slip.
The wire will hold the trunk and branches in whatever position you bend them into.
When to Wire Bonsai
Minor bonsai tree training can be performed year round. But the best time for wiring a bonsai tree is in the spring. This is when major changes to the trees natural shape should be made.
Whatever you do, do no allow the wire to become embedded in the bonsai tree's bark. Check the wires once a month to be sure they are loose enough to allow the branches to grow.
If not, remove them promptly. If the branch will not hold the desired shape, rewire it. No amount of rewiring will hurt the tree. But ripping away a wire which the bark has grown around will damage the branch.
If despite, your best efforts, some bonsai wire manages to become embedded in the bark; use a pair of bonsai wire cutters to remove ONLY the pieces of wire that are not stuck in the wood.
Your bonsai tree can grow to a ripe old age with a few bits of wire stuck in its trunk. Use the wire cutters to trim away the portions that stick out.
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