In addition to producing fragrant fruit and tasty flowers the pineapple guava tree is an evergreen ornamental. The small gray-green leaves and cinnamon brown bark provide year-round beauty. In late spring, Feijoa sellowiana adorns itself with inch wide red and white flowers.
The cupped petals are edible and taste slightly sweet. Each bloom has a cluster of red stamens bursting from its center. If the blooms are pollinated, (most varieties require cross pollination) the flowers will be followed by elongated oval-shaped fruit.
The skin of the fruit is covered by a dull blue green bloom. You can rub this off with your finger to reveal the shiny green skin underneath.
The best way to eat them is by slicing them in half lengthwise and scooping out the flesh with a spoon. The tiny seeds are edible, too.
Harvest season is September through November in the U.S. Ripe fruit will fall from the tree if you shake it.
This South American tree is slow growing but in time can reach 15 feet tall and wide. It is easy to keep smaller with occasional pruning. Our tree, which was planted as a small rooted cutting, took almost 8 years to reach a height of 6 feet.
Feijoa is well adapted to areas where winter temperatures stay above 15 degrees F. It is not a tropical fruit as it requires at least 50 chilling hours each winter in order to flower.
A cutting grown or grafted pineapple guava tree will begin to bear in 4 years. Seedlings will take twice as long and will not always produce good fruit. The best way to propagate this tree is with cuttings.
The pineapple guava plant makes a beautiful hedge. The leaves are green on top and gray underneath. They seem to shimmer in a gentle breeze.
This plant will take any kind of pruning. It looks good trained into a multi-trunked tree or kept small as a bonsai. It s slow growth makes it an excellent pot plant.
Fruit quality is best in areas where summer temps do not exceed 100 degrees F. In very hot climates like Florida or Arizona, plant trees where they will receive morning and not afternoon sun.Plants will tolerate some salt, but it can negatively affect growth and fruit quality.
Feijoa sellowiana is not particular about soil as long as it drains well. They are shallow rooted and should be watered regularly and mulched.
Feed pineapple guava only occasionally. Pruning is not necessary to fruit production. Plants are rarely bothered by pests or diseases.
I planted a rooted cutting of an unknown cultivar. After about 10 years, the tree suddenly declined for no apparent reason. Florida's climate and soil affects some plants in this way. It was well worth growing for the time that it lived and I was sorry to lose it.
If you want good fruit quality, choose a cultivar that is known to do well in your area.
The Evergreen Tropical Guava Tree
Strawberry Guava Trees: Fragrant Flowers & Unique Fruit
The Sharp but Sweet Pineapple Plant
Calamondins Are Not Only Edible but Tasty!
Go from Pineapple Guava Tree to Plant Guides Home Page
Delicious Fruits You Can Grow at Home