This is simple. All you have to do to keep your ponytail palm tiny is root prune it and replace the soil. Be careful not to remove more than one third of the roots at one time.
Now repot it. You can just put it back into the same pot it was in before. As long as the roots fit comfortably into the bonsai tray without having to be forced, you're fine.
It's a good idea to use the same type of potting soil each time as watering is so critical with these plants. Different types of soil will hold water differently. This could lead to the ponytail getting wet feet and rotting.
If you root prune every year or two, the base of the plant will stay small. The leaves, however, are another matter.
After years of growing in a small pot, a Beaucarnea recurvata will begin to grow smaller leaves. In the meantime, you can either accept that the leaves are out of proportion to the base or you can trim them.
Give the plant a hair cut with scissors. You can cut straight across the leaves or cut them at an angle. It's up to you. You can trim them to whatever length you feel looks good.
Don't worry about this harming the plant. It won't.
Wrong Ways To Keep A Bonsai Ponytail Palm Small
Sometimes people think that withholding food will help them keep their plant small.
But it may also kill it.
Ponytail palms don't eat very much to begin with. One feeding a year is about all they need.
But they do need that.
Follow these tips and your ponytail palm bonsai will remain small and healthy for a long time.
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